What do we need to know about the basis of cullet - glass? Glass is one of the most interesting materials in our technical culture. Humanity has been using it for at least five thousand years. The universality of its application is due to its remarkable qualities - it is solid, but in the manufacture it can be given any shape.
Here is a roll of glass. Externally - not distinguishable from ordinary wallpaper
It may be transparent - and may not transmit light. It can be colored, matte, glossy - and as such can be used as a decorative material, and it is environmentally friendly - and therefore, unlike many modern products for decorating a room, it can be safely used as both a topcoat and a base for it . Almost no material can be compared with it in durability - even metals rust, and wood deteriorates. Yes, glass is fragile, and this is perhaps its only drawback; This problem, however, was completely resolved in the manufacture of a fairly new finishing material for us - fiberglass wallpaper. Compared to other applications for glass, this is a very young industry - it is not even a hundred years old.
Sometimes these wallpapers are called fiberglass wallpaper. In fact, it is, but in the usual sense, fiberglass is a technical insulating material unsuitable for decoration of residential premises. Cullet, that is, fiberglass wallpaper, is a completely different product, with technical characteristics inherent only to them.
Glass was first made in Germany, a country that presented the world with many new technologies. By the end of the twentieth century, enterprises producing fiberglass wallpaper were already in many European countries. Now they are made both in Russia and in some CIS countries. Today, the most famous brands of cullet are Vitrulan, Oscar and Wellton.
Despite the feeling that this is a fairly new finishing material, cullet was invented for a long time, and to be more precise - about 100 years ago. Subsequently, this type of decorative coating for walls became quite widespread. In its structure, this material is a kind of fabric, the basis of which is fiberglass.
In the production of cullets, special impregnation is used, made on the basis of modified starch. Further, when gluing the wallpaper itself on the wall, it connects with glue and forms a strong and reliable connection of wallpaper sheets. As for the technical characteristics of cullet, they are quite "advanced", especially there is comparison with traditional counterparts. Here they are:
- Density is from 100 to 250 g / m2.
- They do not accumulate excess static electricity.
- They can be painted, and repeatedly (up to 15-20 repaints).
- They have durability and fire-fighting qualities.
- They are characterized by fire-fighting properties and are safe for the health of others.
- They have a long service life (up to 2-3 decades).
In addition, they have the following advantages:
- Do not forget that cullets are characterized by increased fire resistance, and when exposed to fire, they do not melt even if very high temperatures enter the zone. Thus, they do not emit hazardous chemicals so dangerous to human health.
- In those cases when you or someone close to you has problems with allergies, this type of wall coverings will also be appropriate, since cullets do not attract excess dust to themselves. This is because glass simply does not accumulate an electrostatic charge.
The technical characteristics of cullets are largely influenced by the process of their manufacture. It is in many ways similar to the manufacturing process of ordinary fabric. First, the preforms (for them glass is cast in the form of glass briquettes) is melted in a furnace and the fiber is pulled. In the process of cooling, the fiber is wound on special bobbins, and its thickness is determined by the speed of winding. Threads are made from fibers, and webs are woven from threads on looms. Here, as in the production of ordinary fabric, simple machines are also used - for simple weaves (matting, Christmas tree, diagonal, etc.) - and jacquard - for complex patterns.
Photo: this material has a rather interesting textured surface. On closer inspection, it looks that way
The finished fabric is impregnated with a composition based on starch and dried, which, to a certain extent, determines what technical characteristics the future material will have. When the wallpaper is pasted, the glue penetrates this impregnation, so that the wallpaper is better fixed on the surface. Finished wallpaper is cut according to the standard (usually pieces 1 meter wide and 25 or 50 meters long) and packaged in rolls.
Next comes the turn of the buyer. You probably have to spend a lot of time to choose the right texture or pattern for your interior - manufacturers offer a huge variety of them. But whatever your tastes and demands, you will certainly find your own, best, option - from glass wall papers that look like ordinary fabric on the wall to original coatings that do not hide their glass origin at all. You can choose color wallpapers or paint them in any color that you like.
Cullets in the interior
What are the characteristics of cullet as a decor element for interior design? Wallpaper with a woven pattern will help to create the style of your interior - from empire to high-tech. A large woven panel picture will decorate the wall.
Photo: this is how they look in a real interior
Great scope for design creativity is given by cullets, in which the same texture is presented in different sizes; with their help, you can select or “retouch” a particular section of the wall or simply give your interior an unusual, fresh look.
It should be noted that for the decoration of walls and ceilings, the so-called canvas-cobwebs, or fiberglass, which does not have a pronounced texture or pattern, are sometimes used. It is used as a reinforcing material, the surface of which after painting turns out to be perfectly even and smooth. Like all materials, cullets have their pros and cons.
Appearance of glass
To begin with, it should be noted that cullet can differ in the texture of the picture. Figure, as a rule, is of the following types: rhombus, gunny, Christmas tree. When applying pressed fiberglass to the surface layer, the pattern may turn out to be more voluminous, therefore attractive.
Interesting information! A number of factories, especially small ones, work according to the pre-order scheme. For example, they can release wallpapers with certain inscriptions, corporate symbols, company logo, etc.
It is the fact that the technical characteristics of cullets are, in their own way, outstanding and very attractive to potential buyers, and have made them extremely popular in the market of materials for arranging and repairing.
Due to such a feature as the ability to wash them using various means, their use has been widely used in various institutions related to health and child rearing (hotels, clinics, hospitals, kindergartens, schools and other educational institutions).
Know! In addition, it is necessary to take into account a high level of strength, as well as a long service life, and what was said above. Thanks to these characteristics of cullets, their use in such places of the apartment as a kitchen or children's room is justified.
By the way, they can be used including and like anti-vandal wallpapers, since they cope quite well with the effects of cat claws and other tricks of our pets. Due to the fact that they are not affected by mold and mildew, they can be used in places such as bathtubs, toilets or even glazed balconies / loggias and other rooms with high levels of atmospheric humidity.
The main pros and cons
According to most reviews of both buyers and specialists, the technical characteristics of glass walling are largely determined by their advantages and disadvantages.
Here are the main ones:
- Environmental friendliness. Glass is made from natural materials and does not cause allergies.
- Good fire fighting qualities. Glass does not burn and when heated does not emit harmful substances.
- Cullets are glued to any surface - wood, concrete, moisture-proof and ordinary drywall, metal, particleboard, plastic.
- Strength and wear resistance.
- Easy to clean. Contamination is easily removed with a damp cloth.
- The possibility of repeated repainting - up to 10-12 times, depending on the depth of the texture.
We list the main ones:
- Do not glue cullet on curved surfaces. Only small errors in the primer of the wall are permissible - small cracks and roughnesses.
- When cutting glass, a respirator, work gloves and long-sleeved clothing should be worn - if it comes into contact with skin and respiratory tract, glass microparticles can cause irritation.
- There may be problems with the removal of glass. The removal method depends on the adhesive used. Some types of glue can be dissolved with water (separating the upper edge of the wallpaper and pouring it there), for some they sell special solvents. In the most hopeless case, they can be removed using a grinder.
Like any other material, they have their advantages and disadvantages.
Helpful advice! You should not buy wallpaper suspiciously cheap compared to other or from unknown manufacturers - such wallpapers can be substandard. When choosing glue, do not forget to clarify whether it is suitable for fiberglass wallpaper.
The price of fiberglass wallpaper depends on the quality and manufacturer. It is not high - from 30 rubles per square meter. Of course, the cost of glue and paint should be added to it, but still finishing the room with cullet is quite, as they say now, a budget option.