Japanese curtains (in a different way - panel curtains, curtains-screens) are sliding structures, the appearance of which the world owes to the small Japanese dwellings. They found a solution that fully corresponds to their mentality - concise and elegant.
Initially, the panel was designed to break a large space into small compartments, each with its own purpose. Hanging them on the windows is a European idea.
Japanese curtains are straight cloths with a width of up to 1.5 m, moving to the sides along fixed guides (one or more) - similar to vertical blinds or doors of wardrobes. Thin and lightweight fabric is additionally tensioned onto the frame so that there are no wrinkles, the thick one is simply weighed down from the bottom. Eaves fasten to a ceiling, walls, a floor, a portal of a doorway.
On panel curtains never folds, decorative cords, bows, fringes and other accessories.
As far as universality is concerned, there is little that can be compared to them - window curtains, doors, walls and screens are made of them. Having rearranged a couple of panels, it is possible, with a minimum of effort, to achieve noticeable changes in the interior.
Pros and cons of Japanese curtains
Curtains screens have undeniable advantages:
- No restrictions on the choice of type and color of the fabric.
- Lack of dust, dirt, inevitably accumulating in folds and drapes. Easy to care.
- Installation does not require complex fixtures. Removing the curtains is also easy.
- Fabric for Japanese curtains required several times less than for all other options. Even beginners can handle sewing. This is a significant savings.
- For a window facing the sunny side, this is the best solution. The whole area is closed, the light from the sharp and blinding turns into soft and diffused.
The only drawback (the main "highlight") - strict requirements for the form. You have to choose between a rectangle and a square.
Fabric for Japanese curtains
Classic curtains panels are made from natural materials, and it can be not only fabric. The panels are cut out of thick rice paper, weave from straw, sisal, jute, collected from bamboo plates. Initially, they were monotonous and carried a purely functional load.
There are currently no restrictions on the choice of material, unless you want to recreate an authentic style.
Those who want eclecticism, choosing fabrics of different textures and colors for several panels should only ensure that they are harmoniously combined with each other and the decor in the room. The form is well kept dense fabrics that do not stretch - linen, cotton, silk, cotton header, satin. In combination with them, panels of translucent chiffon, taffeta, moire or organza look interesting. Fabrics made from natural fibers attract less dust.
If the style in the interior is minimalist, choose a single-color fabric, a medium-sized pattern of geometric shapes, floral motifs.
In all other cases, let's say a catchy print and bright colors. Japanese coloring will be emphasized by images of dragons and other mythical animals, birds, cherry blossoms, hieroglyphs, ethnic ornaments. Panel curtains - this is a blank canvas, but it is better to abandon the recently popular photo print on fabric. It is very important that it looks man-made. Painted or inked landscape in traditional style (flowers, birds, mountains, waters), on the contrary, is very appropriate.
The style of the interior for curtains
Japanese curtains, besides the fact that they are necessary in the traditional Japanese interior, are an expressive detail in the interior in the style of high-tech, avant-garde and minimalism. By emphasizing functionality, they add elegance without creating the impression of cluttered space.
The simplicity of the Japanese style in the interior - only visibility. It is necessary to carefully think over everything and correctly place accents, achieving similar conciseness and expressiveness, elegant asceticism.
In this case, the design of the home is better to entrust a professional designer. Everything should be kept in the same style. As an interesting detail, Japanese curtains will suit anyone who wants to add originality and exoticism to them without much effort and expense, or simply hide something from prying eyes. Line up several panels with a ladder or in one row, gather in one side or arrange on either side of the window or hide everything behind one of them. Especially good Japanese curtains look in spacious rooms with large windows. It is better not to hang one panel on narrow windows - visually they seem even smaller.
Remove massive furniture with a lot of drawers, shelves and other unnecessary details from the room with Japanese curtains.
If you need to close a niche, to fence off part of the space, it is difficult to find a solution more successfully than Japanese curtains. In a one-room apartment, a single room can be divided into a living room and a bedroom. In the nursery - to provide space for sleep, play and study. In the bedroom - to fence off a semblance of boudoir. Kitchen - divided into "dining room" and a place to cook. As for the kitchen, it is difficult to find an interior to which such curtains would not fit. Their practicality and simplicity will be very useful there.
In the bedroom will be appropriate two or three panel curtains pastel colors, in harmony with each other. On one of them you can depict a traditional Japanese landscape. It is believed that thoughtful contemplation casts calm and leads to inner harmony. In addition, for insomnia, counting the flowers of sakura or flying geese is much more interesting than sheep jumping through a hedge.
For the kitchen, bright prints, sharp contrasts, bright colors are undesirable. The Japanese culinary tradition dictates a complete focus on the process of cooking and the absorption of food.
You can combine multiple screens of lightweight and dense fabrics, or use a smooth and textured material. Even better for the kitchen natural materials - bamboo and straw. Since most often the kitchen does not differ in size, the optimal length - to the window sill. For a spacious kitchen with a large window, you can think about the panels to the floor.
In the kitchen, unlike other rooms, choose material for curtains made of synthetic fabrics. They are easier to remove stains, grease, odors, steam from cooking less eats.
You can not go wrong by choosing the colors in nature in the kitchen - moss, peat, dead leaves, stone. Colorful curtains of cheerful colors, combined with bright monochromatic canvases, will be suitable for children. For the living room, consider combinations of Japanese curtain panels with traditional draperies and tulle. You can completely hang not only the window, but the entire wall where it is located.
Sew curtains yourself
There is nothing complicated about it. Fabrics are presented in stores in the widest range. You can even find already cut canvases with traditional Japanese ornaments and plots. The necessary hardware is sold in any hardware store.
Japanese curtains - we sew ourselves:
- Calculate how much fabric you need, assuming that the average width of one panel is 60 cm. If you want them to overlap each other, add an additional 60 cm. Length is the distance from the cornice to the floor plus 10 cm on each side for allowances. .
- Cut the fabric into strips of the desired width, taking into account the side allowances (3-4 cm on each side). First make the seams on the sides. If the fabric is thin, plastic or fiberglass strips are inserted into them to form a rigid frame. Additionally, glue the seams with flizelin or velcro tape, otherwise the edge will not be perfectly flat. Carefully iron out.
- The bottom is made drawstring to insert weighting, on top - sticky. Be sure to iron it before sewing. Gently lock with pins or freehand stitches on the edge of the upper cut and seam with a typewriter. Fold the inside out and also stick it.
- Iron the resulting web so that it does not sag anywhere and wrinkles do not form.
- Hang the curtains on the eaves and push the weighting agent into the drawstring.